Key facts of Dipolog

By on June 26, 2013


Part of the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Dipolog is located in the northwestern part of Mindanao, Philippines. With a total land area of 13,628 hectares, Dipolog is bounded by the City of Dapitan in the north, the Municipality of Polanco in the east, the Municipality of Katipunan in the south, and Sulu Sea on the west, respectively. Dipolog faces Cebu and Negros provinces, it is surrounded by rolling hills to the southeast and Sulu Sea to the north and it sits at the tip of Western Mindanao and is known as the "Gateway to Western Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula.”  Composed of 21 barangays, Dipolog is classified as a second class city based on its income.

Dipolog, the capital of Zamboanga del Norte, is inhabited with more or less 120,460 people as of the year 2010. It is the center of all economic, social, political, and other processes. Commerce and trade are constantly rising.  The most innovative and modern type of teaching and educational facilities are also found and enjoyed by people coming from the city proper as well as from other neighboring cities and municipalities.

Dipolog City can be reached by plane via Dipolog Airport or by ferry at the nearby Pulauan Port in Dapitan City.


Dipolog has an elevation of 2.5 meters above sea level. Its land area consists mostly of rolling terrain and lowlands along the Western Coasts that face the Sulu Sea. Numerous bodies of water and waterways also existed. The most common of all the waterways is the Dipolog River which drains into the Sulu Sea. Other rivers, small creeks and streams are also seen all throughout the area, wherein the most known are those of Diwan, Layawan, Katipunan rivers, Miputak, Gunawan and Olingan Creeks.


Dipolog City is a place of mild and moderate climate (fourth type of climate). Rainfall is more or less distributed evenly for the entire year. Dry season starts from the month of February and ends in the late part of the month of April.

Since Dipolog is not within the typhoon belt, it is best to visit the place anytime of the year. However, from June to October, tropical fruits like durian, lanzones, marang, rambutan, and mangoes are abundant.  Summer time (March to June) is the best time to enjoy the beaches and the mountain resorts.

Languages, Dialects and Ethnic Groups

Dipolog, a place of diverse heritage and culture, has a variety of languages.  The widely spoken language in Dipolog is the Cebuano (Visayan) language which is used by about 97% of the total population of the city. Subanens speak their native dialect. Filipino and English are the most spoken and understood languages.

Subanen were the original inhabitants in Dipolog and they were later joined by Muslim traders and other immigrants from Luzon and Visayas. A number of Chinese and Spanish merchants were among the first foreign settlers.

Christianity is the dominant religion in the city. Roman Catholicism has the highest number of followers among the organized Christian religion.

Political Subdivision

Dipolog is composed of 21 barangays including the poblacions:

  • Barra (Pob.)
  • Biasong (Pob.)
  • Central (Pob.)
  • Cogon
  • Dicayas
  • Diwan
  • Estaka (Pob.)
  • Galas
  • Gulayon
  • Lugdungan
  • Minaog
  • Miputak (Pob.)
  • Olingan
  • Punta
  • San Jose
  • Sangkol
  • Santa Filomena
  • Santa Isabel
  • Sicayab
  • Sinaman
  • Turno

Land Use

  • Agriculture:  9,787.0375 has.
  • Forest land:  676.0000 has.
  • Shrub land:  329.8735 has.
  • Residential:  1,920.0000 has.
  • Commercial:  225.0000 has.
  • Institutional:  165.5200 has.
  • Industrial:  200.0000 has.
  • Parks & Recreation:  56.6300 has.
  • Transport & Utility Zone:  69.2200 has.
  • Planned Unit Development:  15.0000 has.
  • Open Spaces (thoroughfares):  153.7190 has.

Major Industries

Dipolog is basically an agricultural city. A few of its large agro-industrial establishments deal with rice and corn, fish, livestock and processing plants.  A great majority of the small manufacturing establishments are also agro-industrial such as saw mills, bakeries as well as small and medium scale cottage industry. NACIDA cottage industries activities involve metal craft, woodcraft, rattan craft, ceramic and food processing.  Major products are coconut, rice, corn, fish, and sardines in oil. Major source of livelihood are construction, fishing, agriculture and services.


  • Country:                   Philippines
  • Region:                     Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
  • Province:                  Zamboanga del Norte
  • Charted as City:      January 1, 1970
  • Government
    • Mayor:                      Evelyn T. Uy
    • Vice Mayor:             Horacio B. Velasco
    • Legislative body:    City Council
  • Time Zone:             PST (UTC +8)
  • Zip Code:                 7100
  • Area Code:              065
  Photo courtesy of City Tourism Office


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